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Saturn in Vedic Astrology

Basic Astronomical facts about Saturn
Saturn is the second largest planet in our Solar System. Its surface is made up of liquid and gas. Saturn is well known for its complex ring system. It has a diameter of about 120,660 kilometers. Its closest distance from the Earth is about 1.2 billion kilometers. From Sun its distance varies from 1.35 billion kilometers to 1.5 billion kilometers. Saturn takes 29.5 years to make one orbit around the Sun and it takes 10 hours 40 minutes to complete one rotation on its axis. Its average surface temperature is –178°C. Its average geocentric motion per day is 00°02'01". Saturn have 62 natural satellites of which Titan is most famous as it is the biggest satellite in our Solar system. Saturn retrograde for about 135 days per year.



The Saturn in Hindu Mythology
Saturn is tall, black, long-limbed, and emaciated, with reddish-brown eyes, large teeth and nails, prominent veins, a sunken stomach, a long beard, matted locks, and stiff body. He is lame and his limbs are rigid; intensely harsh, he is cruel in authority, and his gaze is utterly terrifying. Saturn is the son of the Sun and his wife's Chaaya (shadow) and is the brother of Yama, the god of righteousness and death.

As soon as Saturn was born, his gaze fell on his father and caused vitiligo; his gaze next fell on the Sun's charioteer, who fell and broke his thigh; and next upon the seven horses of his chariot they all went stone blind. The Sun tried a number of remedies but nothing worked. It was only when Saturn's gaze left them that the Sun's skin cleared, his charioteer's femur healed, and his horses regained their sight. Saturn became a planet after performing penance in Benaras and propitiating Lord Shiva. When Shiva's son Ganesha was born, his mother Parvati wanted to show the boy to Saturn. Saturn politely advised her not to do so, but when she insisted, he gazed at the child reluctantly with only one eye. Instantly Ganesha's head was reduced to ashes. To prevent Parvati in her anger from destroying the universe, Lord Vishnu cut off head of a bull elephant and joined it to Ganesha's body.

Saturn is the lord of longevity, death, justice and time. Even King Indra and all the gods panic when Saturn is nearby, for over the ages many thousands of Indras have been overtaken by the power of time.

Basic Astrological facts about Saturn
Gender of Saturn: Neuter Gender.
Saturn is the karaka or significator of: Grief and Misfortune.
Saturn as relationship signifies: Subordinates.
Planetary cabinet status of Saturn: Servant.
Temperament of Saturn: Cruel, Insensitive and Harsh.
Element governed by Saturn: Vaayu or Air.
Primary quality or guna of Saturn: Tamo or Dull or Ignorant.
Caste of the Saturn: Shudra or Lower Caste.
Nature of Saturn: Malefic.
Directional strength of Saturn: In the Seventh House.
Directional weakness of Saturn: In the First House.

Saturn rules the zodiacal Sign: Capricorn and Aquarius.
Saturn rules the zodiacal House: Natural Astrological Tenth and Eleventh Houses.
Sign of exaltation of Saturn: Libra.
Sign of debilitation of Saturn: Aries.
Determent or weak sign of Saturn: Leo.
Saturn's friends are: Mercury and Venus.
Saturn's enemies are: Sun, Moon and Mars.
Saturn is neutral with: Jupiter.
Saturn's Vimshottari Dasha period: Nineteen Years.
Nakshatras or Lunar mansions governed by Saturn are: Pushya Nakshatra, Anuradha Nakshatra and Uttara Bhadra Nakshatra.

Body part governed by Saturn: The Thighs.
Day of the week governed by Saturn: Saturday.
Direction ruled by Saturn: West.
Season governed by Saturn: Shishir or Winter Season.
Metals governed by Saturn: Iron and Lead.
Gemstone governed by Saturn: Blue Sapphire.
Substitute gemstones governed by Saturn: Lapis Lazuli.
Colors ruled by Saturn: Black and Blue.
Food and flavors governed by Saturn: Things of Astringent taste.
Geometrical shape governed by Saturn: A Window with Four Panes.
Numbers as per Numerology governed by Saturn: 8, 17, 26, 35 and all those that adds up to eight, are governed by it.

Positive key words for Saturn: Experience, Patience, Humility, Wisdom & Compassion.
Negative key words for Saturn: Challenges, Sorrow, Delay, Disappointment & Limitation.


Body parts, function and diseases governed by Saturn
Saturn governs the entire skeletal system including the teeth and skin disorders. Rheumatism, arthritis, osteoporosis and other bone aliments are caused by Saturn. Saturn rules Capricorn and Aquarius and all diseases governed by these two signs are automatically governed by Saturn. Knee, calves, ankles of the legs is directly governed by these two signs of Saturn. It is also connected with the digestive system as it rules the processes of the gallbladder. It also signifies oxygenation process of the body. It rules the spinal cord, coordination of muscle, nerves and brain. Thus it denotes multiple sclerosis, blood circulation related problems, blood disorders, blood poisoning, lumbar disorders etc. Whatever sign Saturn is found in at birth might determine what organ, tissue or area of the body is potentially hypo functioning that is, sluggish and not working up to normal expectation. It rules the minerals calcium, fluorine and sulfur.

Professions governed by the Saturn
Saturn represents all career and vocations that are related to hard labor, tradition, the practical, real estate, the old and the conservative. Saturn denotes people working or associated with labour and menial jobs like working as peon, servants, industry and factory workers, domestic work, driver, cabman, and working on manpower. All career and jobs associated with mines, farms, agriculture, gardeners, cemetery, excavators, real estate, builders, bricklayers, tanners, hides, coal, ice, and tombstone makers. Priests, monks, nuns, night workers and night watchmen are also denoted by Saturn due to strict, hard, conservative and lonely life of people connected with these jobs. Manufacture and trading in rail engines and locomotives of all kinds including manufacture and trading in cars, lorries, trucks, heavy vehicles and all other kinds of transport vehicles of auto and non-auto type like bullock and horse-carts are also associated with Saturn. It also includes all those associated with theft, robbery, dacoit, plundering, pick-pocketing, and any other kind of criminal or other unlawful activities.

The Mantras for Saturn:
Beej Mantra of Saturn:
Om pram preem proum sah shanaischaraye namah

The Saturn Stotra:
Neelanjana samabhasam ravi putram yamagrajam chaaya martanda sambhutam tam namami shanaischaraye

Gayatri Mantra of Saturn:
Om kaak dhwajaaya vidmahae khadga hastaaya dheemahi tanno mandah prachodayaat

Remedies for Saturn to be performed if Saturn is not well placed in the horoscope:

  • Worshiping of Lord Hanuman.
  • Recitation of Hanuman Chalisa and Maha mrityunjaya Mantra.
  • Reciting of Saturn Mantras.
  • Charity: Donate black cloths, things made of iron, mustard oil, black sesame on Saturdays to old men.
  • Fasting: On Saturdays.
  • Pooja: Hanuman pooja.
  • Rudraksh: Wear seven mukhi (seven faced) Rudraksh.




  • Written by Sanjay Sharma, © 2011-2018.




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